Nowadays hiking is an extremely popular type of active sport: it is no wonder why once you see breathtaking views opening up in front of you! However, many people know as well that hiking demands great physical loads, including walking for many hours with a heavy backpack. Therefore, it is important to know how to stay safe during your long hiking trips. This article will help you understand the key aspects of ensuring your safety.
The first and the most common mistake is keeping in secret where are you going and for how long. After all, hiking is not an ordinary short walk outside. It will be best if you can give the plan of your trip to a relative or a good friend, including the time of your trip (the time of departure and the estimated time of return), all the contacts of your fellow hikers, any special medical conditions of yours, and other important details regarding your hiking tour.
You should plan your hike adequately and be realistic about the trail’s difficulty and distance. It will be a wrong decision to select a trail you do not know well or the one that may run in a very deep snow, especially if you are a beginner. In addition, remember that it gets dark earlier in winter, so you should start your journey early in order to avoid accidents or getting lost.
Keep in mind that hiking is a quite specific type of sports, and the aspect of weather conditions is significantly important here. The day before going to hike, check the weather. Here you should know not only the air temperature, but also reports about avalanches, the speed of the wind, precipitation, and the hours of daylight. You must be sure that the weather conditions on the day of your hiking are manageable.
However, it is also important to have an experienced hiker in your team. Apart from the fact that it will bring you more fun during your hiking day, it will also be safer for your group. Besides, it is another point to stress: never go hiking alone!
First-Aid Kit which consists of anti-inflammatory drugs, bandages, alcohol wipes, non-latex gloves, tweezers, eye drops (also you have to take person medicines as well as bear spray and snake bite kit in case if you are going to hike in the locations with these animals);
Navigation devices and map;
Lights (like a headlamp);
Sun protection (like glasses and hats, because hikers are significantly exposed to ultra-violet rays);
Food (take a little bit more than the amount you think will be enough; it is never a bad decision to make sure that you will have enough food);
Supplies for making fire;
Some emergency haven;
Repair kit for your gear.