Top ten significant mountain ranges that are the homes of the highest mountain peaks of Asia with peaks of over 1000 meters are: The Himalaya range, The Kunlun Mountains, The Tien Shan Mountains, The Altai Mountains, The Ural Mountains, The Zagros Mountains, The Hindu Kush, The Western Ghats or Sahyadri, The Eastern Ghats or Pūrva Ghaṭ, and The Pamir Mountains.

Top 10 Treks in Himalayas
Top 10 Mountain Ranges of Asia – Himalayas

1. The Himalaya Mountains

The Himalayan mountain range is the highest in South Asia. It separates India from the rest of Asia andis the home of the main rivers that are responsible for providing water to a large part of the subcontinent India.

The Himalayas are the home of some of the highest mountains in the entire world, with more than 110 peaks rising to elevations of 7,300 meters or more above sea level. Mount Everest is the world’s highest peak, with an elevation of 8,850 meters above sea level.
Himalaya is famous for its unique natural beauty, eye soothing waterfalls, verities of medicinal plants, different species of birds, reptiles, and wild animals.

Kunlun

2. The Kunlun Mountains

The Kunlun Mountains are one of the longest spread mountain range in Asia, extending for more than 3000 kilometers across the western China and the Tibetan Plateau. The highest mountain is the Kunlun Goddess (at 7,167 m, or 23,514 ft) in the Keriya area. The Kunlun Mountains range has a very few roads, and in its 3,000 km length, it borders with the Gobi desert.

Tian Shan mountains

3. The Tian Shan Mountains

The Tian Shan Mountain chain is located in Central Asia. It is positioned to the north and west of the Taklamakan Desert. Tian Shan is situated near the border region of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and western China. The highest peaks are a central cluster of mountains forming a knot called Victory Peak, or Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 m (24,406 ft) above sea level.

Kunlun

4. The Altay Mountains

The Altay Mountains are a mountain range in East-Central Asia near southern Siberia. They spread over the areas of Russia, China, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan. The mighty rivers Irtysh and Ob have their origin here. Belukha Mountain is the highest peak, at 4,506 m, (14,784 ft). This region falls under the altitudinal vegetation zones in central Siberia, and is an important habitat for the famous snow leopard.

Altai

5. The Ural Mountains

The Urals, or the Ural Mountains, are 1,640 miles (2,640 km) in length and spread across the northern-edge of the Western Russia down through north-west Kazakhstan. They form a natural border between West Siberian land and East European plains. The highest point in this mountain range is Mt. Narodnaya, at 1,895 m (6,217 ft).

Ural National Park
6. The Zagros Mountains

The Zagros Mountain range forms the largest mountain range in Iran and Iraq, spreading across the whole length of the western and southwestern Iranian plateau and ending at the Strait of Hormuz. The highest point is Zard Kuhbakhtiari, at 4,548 m, (14,921 ft). The mountains are separated into many sub-ranges and organically have the same age as the age as The Alps. The Zagros Mountain range is also a home to a rich and complex flora, and widespread oak-dominated woodland is found in this region.

Hindu Kush
7. The Hindu Kush Mountains

The Hindu Kush is one of the great mountain ranges in Central Asia. It forms a part of the Alpine zone that spreads across Eurasia from East to West. The Hindu Kush separates the Pamir range near the point where the borders of China, Pakistani-controlled Kashmir, and Afghanistan meet, and it finally merges into the minor ranges in western Afghanistan. The highest peak is Mount Tirich Mir, which rises to 25,230 feet (7,690 meters).

Western Ghats CC-BY-SA 4.0+ Raghvein
Western Ghats CC-BY-SA 4.0+ Raghvein

8. The Western Ghats

The Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri Hills, are older than the Himalaya mountains. They spread along the western side of India with an average elevation around 1,200 m (3,900 ft). This mountain range is actually responsible for influencing the Indian monsoon weather pattern. Also these regions are recognized as one of the world’s eight ‘hotspots’ of biological diversity. These mountains are known as the home to at least 325 globally threatened flora-fauna, amphibian, bird, reptile, and fish species.

kOLLI hILLS
9. The Eastern Ghats

The Eastern Ghats, also known as Purva Ghat, or Mahendra Pravata, are a range of mountains along India’s eastern coast. The highest point is Jindhagada Peak, at 1,690 m (5,545 ft). Four rivers in India, Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, and Kaveri flow across the Eastern Ghats. Sometimes Eastern Ghats are called as “Estuaries of India”: it’s a great habitat for a varied flora and fauna, including Asiatic elephant, leopards, and tigers.

Pamir Mountains - CC-BY-  SA 3.0 Irene2005
Pamir Mountains – CC-BY- SA 3.0 Irene2005

10. Pamir Mountains

Ocean of white and blue mountains forms the mountain ranges of Pamir, which means “The Roof of the World”. Vast valleys lie in the midst of the mountain peaks of 7,000 meters and higher. The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia at the junction of the Himalayas with the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. The highest point is the Ismoil Somoni Peak, with elevation of  7,495m.

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I like to scale the highest peaks of the world and therefore I have started this blog to show you around and give valuable pieces of advice. I am an Ex-Rope Leader and Troup Officer with a number of prestigious mountaineering institutes including the HAI, Garhwal.

10 COMMENTS

  1. Good stuff, I’ve been wanting to go trekking in Asia for a while now, but life gets in the way sometimes and you end up constantly postponing. Your post is just another reminder and motivator to get out there sooner rather than later.

  2. I love the mountains. Especially the Himalayas. There are several peaks over 8000. Surely the most popular and well-known “the mother goddess of the earth” Everest. I’d like to participate in a commercial expedition to reach the summit, or even a trek in Asia. In my life I would like to visit at least one Top mountain ranges of Asia.

  3. I really appreciate this article. The Mountain ranges of Asia are all amazing. I would like to organize a trip around them, specially on the Altay mountains, maybe a one month tour! It will be a wonderful time spent in the nature

  4. Mountaineer is a site offering a great varieties of adventure and if you prefer Paragliding for example you get an exciting experience of freedom and nature. They offer also mountaineering in different countries like India and Nepal and other countries as well. However Trekking in Asia is the next offer annd who does not dream 0f Mt.Everest or Annapurna Circuit. So travel and appreciate.

  5. I dont’n think to be able to climb this kind of peaks, but Trekking in Asia is one of my dreams. This mountains are beautiful and all the nature around these is wonderful.
    It will be one of my future destinations and this article is a helpful guide.

  6. Amongs the Top 10 mountain ranges of asia, the himalaya is highest range mountain in the world and i will plan for it because it has so much beauty in itself to enjoy and to feel.

  7. I remember studying this while I was in highschool, it was always somethign I was very interested in. This Top 10 mountain ranges of Asia is quite spot on, at least the values are very similar to the ones I studied. I wish that I could go Trekking in Asia one day!

  8. This topic is relevant to me because I am originally from Nepal and now in France. I have seen several mountain all over the world but the Best mountain ranges of Asia are not for Asia but for the world. If you visit once then you will get different enjoyment unique from rest of world.

    • I admire the vlbauale information and facts you offer in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and have my children examine up right here often. I am very positive they will learn a lot of new stuff here than anybody else!

  9. Hi, what an awesome post, the pictures are beautiful. I would really love doing trekking in Asia and be able to take similar pictures by myself. Maybe i’ll be able to do this in the future, who knows ?

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