Top ten significant mountain ranges that are the homes of the highest mountain peaks of Asia with peaks of over 1000 meters are: The Himalaya range, The Kunlun Mountains, The Tien Shan Mountains, The Altai Mountains, The Ural Mountains, The Zagros Mountains, The Hindu Kush, The Western Ghats or Sahyadri, The Eastern Ghats or Pūrva Ghaṭ, and The Pamir Mountains.
Top 10 Mountain Ranges of Asia – Himalayas
1. The Himalaya Mountains
The Himalayan mountain range is the highest in South Asia. It separates India from the rest of Asia andis the home of the main rivers that are responsible for providing water to a large part of the subcontinent India.
The Himalayas are the home of some of the highest mountains in the entire world, with more than 110 peaks rising to elevations of 7,300 meters or more above sea level. Mount Everest is the world’s highest peak, with an elevation of 8,850 meters above sea level.
Himalaya is famous for its unique natural beauty, eye soothing waterfalls, verities of medicinal plants, different species of birds, reptiles, and wild animals.
2. The Kunlun Mountains
The Kunlun Mountains are one of the longest spread mountain range in Asia, extending for more than 3000 kilometers across the western China and the Tibetan Plateau. The highest mountain is the Kunlun Goddess (at 7,167 m, or 23,514 ft) in the Keriya area. The Kunlun Mountains range has a very few roads, and in its 3,000 km length, it borders with the Gobi desert.
3. The Tian Shan Mountains
The Tian Shan Mountain chain is located in Central Asia. It is positioned to the north and west of the Taklamakan Desert. Tian Shan is situated near the border region of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and western China. The highest peaks are a central cluster of mountains forming a knot called Victory Peak, or Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 m (24,406 ft) above sea level.
4. The Altay Mountains
The Altay Mountains are a mountain range in East-Central Asia near southern Siberia. They spread over the areas of Russia, China, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan. The mighty rivers Irtysh and Ob have their origin here. Belukha Mountain is the highest peak, at 4,506 m, (14,784 ft). This region falls under the altitudinal vegetation zones in central Siberia, and is an important habitat for the famous snow leopard.
5. The Ural Mountains
The Urals, or the Ural Mountains, are 1,640 miles (2,640 km) in length and spread across the northern-edge of the Western Russia down through north-west Kazakhstan. They form a natural border between West Siberian land and East European plains. The highest point in this mountain range is Mt. Narodnaya, at 1,895 m (6,217 ft).
The Zagros Mountain range forms the largest mountain range in Iran and Iraq, spreading across the whole length of the western and southwestern Iranian plateau and ending at the Strait of Hormuz. The highest point is Zard Kuhbakhtiari, at 4,548 m, (14,921 ft). The mountains are separated into many sub-ranges and organically have the same age as the age as The Alps. The Zagros Mountain range is also a home to a rich and complex flora, and widespread oak-dominated woodland is found in this region.
The Hindu Kush is one of the great mountain ranges in Central Asia. It forms a part of the Alpine zone that spreads across Eurasia from East to West. The Hindu Kush separates the Pamir range near the point where the borders of China, Pakistani-controlled Kashmir, and Afghanistan meet, and it finally merges into the minor ranges in western Afghanistan. The highest peak is Mount Tirich Mir, which rises to 25,230 feet (7,690 meters).
Western Ghats CC-BY-SA 4.0+ Raghvein
8. The Western Ghats
The Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri Hills, are older than the Himalaya mountains. They spread along the western side of India with an average elevation around 1,200 m (3,900 ft). This mountain range is actually responsible for influencing the Indian monsoon weather pattern. Also these regions are recognized as one of the world’s eight ‘hotspots’ of biological diversity. These mountains are known as the home to at least 325 globally threatened flora-fauna, amphibian, bird, reptile, and fish species.
The Eastern Ghats, also known as Purva Ghat, or Mahendra Pravata, are a range of mountains along India’s eastern coast. The highest point is Jindhagada Peak, at 1,690 m (5,545 ft). Four rivers in India, Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, and Kaveri flow across the Eastern Ghats. Sometimes Eastern Ghats are called as “Estuaries of India”: it’s a great habitat for a varied flora and fauna, including Asiatic elephant, leopards, and tigers.
Pamir Mountains – CC-BY- SA 3.0 Irene2005
10. Pamir Mountains
Ocean of white and blue mountains forms the mountain ranges of Pamir, which means “The Roof of the World”. Vast valleys lie in the midst of the mountain peaks of 7,000 meters and higher. The Pamir Mountains are a mountain range in Central Asia at the junction of the Himalayas with the Tian Shan, Karakoram, Kunlun, and Hindu Kush ranges. The highest point is the Ismoil Somoni Peak, with elevation of 7,495m.