The Andes are a range of mountains that spread over 4,300 miles along the West coast of South America and divide seven countries. Those are Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. The Andes are the widest chain of mountains in the world that include many of the tallest peaks in the Western Hemisphere. The Andes are also relatively narrow.
High mountains are a dreary habitat for wild life, so mammals living there have thick woolly fur. Mountain sheep and goats are very sure-footed to allow them to climb the uneven, rocky slopes. The bighorn sheep, mountain goats, brown bears, black bears, mountain lions, and antelopes are the known wild lives in North America (Canada, USA).
The alpaca is a species of even-toed hoofed mammal and belongs to the camel family. They are native to South America and are kept in herds in the high altitude plateaus in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Northern Chile. These species are grazers and feed on hay and grass.
The Andean condor can be found throughout the Andes, it is far less common in the mountain ranges of Venezuela and Columbia. Andean Condors inhabit grasslands, alpine habitats up to 17,000 feet. It likes open habitats where it can find carrion as it soars above.
The short-tailed chinchilla and the long-tailed chinchilla are some other species of wild lives around these Andes region. Being heavily tortured for their fur, they recently became endangered species, because their count has been declined drastically. Short-tailed chinchillas are currently known as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List.
The Andean goose is a large shield goose with black and white plumage, a pink bill, and orange legs and feet. The Andean goose inhabits elevations of the Andes above 9,000 feet in Peru, Bolivia, Argentina, and Chile.
The spectacled bear is only native species of the bear of South America. It lives in the forested areas of the Andes mountain chain including Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Peru. Spectacled bears have black fur, keen eyesight, and distinctive golden-colored rings of fur framing their eyes.