Starting from easy climbing to embarking on Himalayan summits, mountaineering needs varied types of equipment or gear. It can be taken as an extreme sport, or an exhilarating pastime that requires strength and endurance.
Lack of experience and inadequate equipment can be the reasons for injury or even death sometimes, so in order to have some rewarding experience, the climbers need the right mountain gear.
At the start, climbers need the light gears because they have to climb carrying it all along. Boots with a stiff sole are a good choice, but in the winter season they need to be crampon compatible.
For easy climbing, a shorter and lighter rope can be taken. An adjustable harness is also required.
For the loose rocks at the mountain steps, it’s best a have a helmet. To begin with, climber should have around nine to ten slings, a few screw gates, small and large nuts, and an ice axe.
Now let’s list the top 5 Mountain Gear that a climber would need to start mountaineering.
1. Backpack (5500 cubic inches with ice axe loops):
The backpack is an absolute must-have gear item. The backpack will carry all the other gear, and it’s kind of a reasonable investment and a long lasting friend for the uncountable trips you going to take for the coming years of your life.
One should choose the right backpack for one’s climbing needs. Be it steep rock, or be it ice couloirs, a simply designed, lightweight backpack is the ideal one. It should have loops to hold ice axe, crampons, and climbing ropes.
2. Alpine climbing harness
A climbing harness is the important contact point between you and the rope. In case you fall, it balances the force through the body and prevents severe injury. It comes with three types: seat harness, chest harness, and full body harness.
Seat harness is for gyms and sports climbing, it is designed to balance the force through the thighs, and is distributed through the strongest muscle groups of legs.
The chest harness is used for high climbing on rock or ice, glacier travel, or mountain rescue. A chest harness protects an unconscious and injured climber from hanging upside down by keeping him upright.
Full body harnesses are single-piece units that include the properties of a seat harness and a chest harness. A full body harness protects a climber from inclining backwards. These harnesses aid rescue and bring down the possibilities of spinal injuries.
3. Mountaineering Helmet
An ideal helmet should be fitting, lightweight, and offering effective impact protection. It should have a sliding ventilation shutters so that climber could be comfortable in all weathers. It ought to be easily and entirely adjustable so that it could adapt to heads of all shapes and sizes.
For all types of mountaineering expeditions, helmet is a must for climbers to maintain safety. Comfortable and well-ventilated helmet with customizable fit is best for the relentless pursuit of risky routes.
4. Mountaineering boots, or hiking boots with plastic doubles with inner liner
High and stiff mountaineering boots help support in steep terrain where flexible boots can cause unsure steps and can highly result in a fall. Mountaineering boots are designed to be used with crampons. Welts are moulded into the toe and heel of the boot to achieve compatibility. The stiffness of the boot increases the precision of the crampon and helps climber to pursue steeper and more difficult mountain terrain.
5. Crampons (12 point step-in or strap-on )
Despite the enormous selection of crampons available in the market, one can quickly figure out the type one needs based on the activities and the types of mountain terrain one is planning to take on.
Ice climbing crampons are fully firm. Semi-rigid crampons are available in single and dual front points. If the climber is eyeing up super-steep ice or rough routes and wearing stiff-soled boots, ice climbing crampons are the best choice.
Mountaineering crampons are the category of crampons that are usually a semi-rigid design and are versatile enough to take the climber from short angle snowfields to steep couloirs and gullies.
Walking Crampons are flexible that can be worn with just any pair of hiking boots, which is no doubt an ideal choice for moderate mountaineering routes, glacier travel, and ski touring.