The Caucasus is a mountain range between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea It is considered a part of the natural boundary between Europe and Asia. Geographically, this is usually considered a part of Western Asia, which is adjacent to North-Eastern Turkey and North-Western Iran. Culturally, some portion of Russia and the former Soviet republics are also known as a part of Eastern Europe.
The countries that are linked to the Caucasus are all isolated, and the ancient lands are inhabited by world’s most ethnically diversified people. The Caucasus region is also one of the most complex linguistic regions known in the world, containing more than sixty languages from 5 distinct language families. Traveling in this expect, be ready to meet friendly and hospitable locals, eat traditional food, and witness splendid mountain vistas.
Tourists can avail the overnight trains that travel between Tbilisi-Yerevan and Tbilisi-Baku. When you are traveling by rail, you can have the option of rooms containing four beds (coupe) or two beds (SV). SV is a more expensive choice, yet more comfortable and safer. There are direct bus services available between Tbilisi-Yerevan and Tbilisi-Baku, which also operate across the Russian-Georgian border. The buses, however, are not an option for non-CIS country nationals. You would also pick a more social mode of transport like minivans that operate across all open borders throughout the entire Caucasus region.
You can have the pleasure of experiencing the two most beautiful ski resorts of Georgia, Bakuriani and Gudauri.
You can relax on the Georgian beaches on the Black Sea in Batumi, Kobuleti, Ureki, Gonia, and others.
Discover the place Mtskheta, known as the ancient capital. Starting from Mtskheta, we travel along the Georgian Military Highway to the mountains.
As the road climbs, your eyes will catch glimpses of the High Caucasus ahead. There is a ski resort of Gudauri which is a forlorn little cluster of half-built hotels, large unidentifiable lumps of metal, abandoned cranes, and pylons rusting slowly in the drizzle.
Now it’s time to visit the Russian border and the snow-capped Mount Kazbegi (Kazbek Mountain), which is one of the highest peaks in the Caucasus. The road comes to an abrupt end in the small village of Juta.
You can walk to the foot of Mount Chaukhebi, crossing alpine meadows of blue gentians, harebells, and thistles.
Another great place is Abudelauri pass, which is located at 3,230 meters.You can travel through the mountains and down into the province of Khevsureti. To the south of the Abudelauri pass, Khevsureti is famous for its poetry.
Walkers will want to explore the mountains and traditional villages in the north of the country. To the east of Tbilisi there is the wine-growing region of Kakheti with its many historical monuments.
For hiking, late spring and summer are the best times to visit. In early spring, traveling through the mountains can be risky because of landslides caused by melting snow. The cities can get uncomfortably hot in July and August.
Winters are best avoided unless you want to ski.