Europe is a great place for mountaneering: it hosts mountains of great heights, such as the Alps, the Pyrenees, and the Dolomites. Mountaneering is a great deal of adventure and challenge, and there are people who decided to choose this path as their profession and career. Leading the race is tough, but determination and patience will literally let you go places. Let’s take a look at our top 5 of greatest European mountaneers!
Also, he is the first mountaineer to ascend all 14 „eight-thousanders” (peaks over 8,000 meters above sea level).
His climbs were also all among the first 20 ascents for each mountain individually. Specifically, these are: Manaslu (8,163), Hidden Peak (Gasherbrum I) (8,080), Mount Everest (8,848), Nanga Parbat (8,125), K2 (8,611), Mount Everest (8,848), Shishapangma (8,027), Kangchenjunga (8,586), Gasherbrum II (8,034), Broad Peak (8,051), Cho Oyu (8,188), Hidden Peak (Gasherbrum I) (8,080), Gasherbrum II (8,034), Annapurna (8,091), Dhaulagiri (8,167), Makalu (8,485), Lhotse (8,516).
He wrote over 63 books translated into other languages.
In 1984, Rinhold Messner was featured by Werner Herzog in a movie: The Dark Glow of the Mountains.
2. Erhard Loretan (28 April 1959 – 28 April 2011) was a Swiss mountain climber and one of the greatest mountaineers of all times.
3. Jerzy Kukuczka (24 March 1948 – 24 October 1989) was a Polish mountaineer.
4. Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner (born on 13 December 1970) is an Austrian mountaineer.
In August 2011, she became the first woman to climb the fourteen “Eight-thousanders” without supplemental oxygen or porters.
At the age of 32, Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner climbed Nanga Parbat, and she decided to become professional mountaineer full-time.
5. Edurne Pasaban (born on August 1, 1973) is a Spanish mountaineer.
On May 17, 2010, she became the 21st person and the first woman to climb all of the fourteen eight-thousander peaks in the World.
Her first 8,000 peak had been achieved on May 23, 2001, when she climbed to the summit of Mount Everest with supplemental oxygen.
“It was great to summit the world’s tallest mountain in 2001, which was my third attempt. In those days, I did not have a lot of experience at high altitudes, so I used supplemental oxygen to summit. It’s the only mountain where I have used oxygen. Because of this, I will return in the spring of 2011, ten years later, to try for the summit without using oxygen”, said Edurne Pasaban.
On May 18, 2009, Edurne Pasaban climbed the Kangchenjunga with Juanito Oiarzabal and Kinga Baranowska, and she became the first woman in climbing twelve eight-thousanders.